The book, written in Sanskrit, discusses theories and principles of governing a state. It is not an account of Mauryan administration. The title, Arthashastra, which . Artha Shastra by Acharya Chanakya and Urdu translation by Shan ul Haque Haqi, this is free download PDF copy of historical Urdu book. Arthashastra in Urdu by Shan ul Haque Haqi PDF Book free download. Artha Shastra by Acharya Chanakya and Urdu translation by Shan ul.

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We should never forget that the Arthashastra means by the “state” an order of society which is not created by the king or urddu people, but which they exist to secure.

Arthashastra – Wikipedia

Ayurveda Dhanurveda Natya Shastra Sthapatyaveda. Part of a series on. For, in war, there are disadvantages such as losses, ij and absence from home. The Arthashastra dedicates many chapters on the need, methods and goals of secret service, and how to build then use a network of spies that work for the state.

Arthashastra in Urdu by Shan ul Haque Haqi PDF Book free download

Kautilya, in the Arthashastra, suggests that the state must always be adequately fortified, its armed forces prepared and resourced to defend itself against acts of war. The division into 15, and of books, chapters and topics respectively was probably not accidental, states Olivelle, because ancient authors of major Hindu texts favor certain numbers, such as 18 Parvas in the arthashasgra Mahabharata.

The “call rights” and staggered bid buying is not truly a free market, states Trautmann. Kautilya favors peace over war, because he asserts that in most situations, peace is more conducive to creation of wealth, prosperity and security of the people. Arthashasfra example, states Arthashadtra, the legends in Hindu epics preach heroism qua heroism which is in contrast to Kautilya suggestion of prudence and never forgetting the four Hindu goals of human lifewhile Kamandaki’s Nitisarawhich is similar to Kautilya’s Arthashastrais among other Hindu classics on statecraft and foreign policy that suggest prudence, engagement and diplomacy, peace is preferable and must be sought, and yet prepared to excel and win war if one is forced to.


As indicated by Kautilya, the ruler ought to utilize any way to achieve his objective and his activities required no ethical assent. Retrieved 18 October Archived 31 January at the Wayback Machine.

arthashastra Urdu Meaning

The Arthashastra theories are similar with some and in contrast to other alternate theories on war and peace in the ancient Indian tradition. Anywhere, states Arthashastra in verse 7.

Scholars disagree on how to interpret the document. Political science political scientists. It is not just a normative text but a realist description of the art of running a state”. Chessy Comments and Comments with ‘Links’ will be deleted immediately upon our review. The authorship and date of writing are unknown, and there is evidence that the surviving manuscripts are not original and have been modified in their history but were most likely completed in the available form between 2nd-century BCE to 3rd-century CE.

arthaehastra Views Read Edit View history. Understand the opponent and seek to outwit him. Other scriptures Bhagavad Gita Agamas. The text was considered lost by colonial era scholars, until a manuscript was discovered in Pages containing links to subscription-only content Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: When the degree of progress is the same in pursuing peace and waging war, peace is to be preferred.

DuringShamasastry published English translations of the text in installments, in journals Indian Antiquary and Mysore Review.

Arthashastra | Urdu Meaning of Arthashastra

It is from these four that all other knowledge, wealth and human prosperity is derived. The main issues talked about are of the most commonsense kind. Then Sadgunya six forms of non-war pressure.

A state, asserts Arthashastra text in verses 7. The just and victorious king administers justice in accordance with Dharma established lawSanstha customary lawNyaya edicts, announced law and Vyavahara evidence, conduct. Kangle published a critical edition of the text, based on all the available manuscripts. During the same period, an ancient Hindu text the Arthashastra included a recipe More recent scholarship has arthashastrx with the characterization of Arthashastra as “Machiavellianism”.

Those who lack integrity in financial matters or fall for the lure of money must not be in revenue collection or treasury, states the text, and those who lack integrity in sexual relationships must not be appointed to Vihara services pleasure grounds.


To undermine a ruling oligarchy, make chiefs of the [enemy’s] ruling council urdk with women possessed of great beauty and youth.

The title, Arthashastra, which signifies “the Science of Material Gain” or “Study of Polity”, does not leave any questions about its finishes.

Separation of powers Legislature Executive Judiciary Election commission. This translation is from Weber: It asserts, in chapter 4.

The Purohit claims the text must be one who is well educated in the Vedas and its six Angas. In addition, Kautilya offers a work of genius in matters of foreign policy and welfare, including key principles of international relations from a realist perspective and a discussion of when an army must use cruel violence and when it is more advantageous to be humane. The roles and guises recommended for Vyanjana appearance agents by the Arthashastra include ascetics, forest hermits, mendicants, cooks, merchants, doctors, astrologers, consumer householders, entertainers, dancers, female agents and others.

In the s, fragmented sections of a north Indian version of Arthashastra were discovered in form of a Devanagari manuscript in a Jain library in PatanGujarat. The Raja-rishi has self-control and does not fall for the temptations of the senses, he learns continuously and cultivates his thoughts, he avoids false and flattering advisors and instead associates with the true and accomplished elders, he is genuinely promoting the security and welfare of his people, he enriches and empowers his people, he practices ahimsa non-violence against all living beingshe lives a simple life and avoids harmful people or activities, he keeps away from another’s wife nor craves for other people’s property.

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