Azorella compacta is a cushion-forming, perennial woody herb growing from a taproot. It forms a light green, hard, dense cushion of growth up to cm tall and . Yareta or llareta (Azorella compacta, also known as “Llareta” in Spanish, and historically as Azorella yareta) is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to . A yellowish-green, compact (rather like a cauliflower), resinous cushion shrub, the llareta, Azorella compacta (Embelliferae) occurs in the high Andes of southern.

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To prevents moisture loss through evaporation the Yareta has wax covered leaves. The plant’s leaves grow into an extremely compact, dense mat that reduces heat and water loss.

Yareta or llareta Azorella compactaalso known as “Llareta” in Spanish, and historically as Azorella yaretafrom yarita in the Quechua language is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to South America. Yareta Azorella compactaalso known as “Llareta” in Spanish, is a flowering plant that belongs to the family Apiaceae.

Many Yaretas are estimated to be over 3, years old.

Yareta, The 3, Years Old Plant. Actually, they are a type of flowing plant known as Yareta and it compacfa in colonies which can be thousands of years old.


To survive the extreme conditions, Yareta grows in packs so dense that its stems can take the weight of a human. The plant prefers sandy, well-drained soils. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Yareta on slopes of Nevado Coropuna, Peru.

Subscribe azorlla our daily newsletter Get gentle updates in your inbox whenever new articles are published. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. This page was last edited on 11 Novemberat Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The plant keeps close to the ground in order to retain as much heat in as possible.

Yareta is now a protected species and being such a slow grower, it has also made it to the endangered list.

Azorella compacta – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre

Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Commons category link is on Wikidata. The amount of yareta being removed had become so significant that it threatened the very existence of the plant. This also helps to resist the azorells high altitude wind, which would tear up the roots of any plant.

The self-fertile flowers are hermaphroditic and are pollinated by insects. Because the Yareta is dry and dense, it burns well, like peat, and was traditionally harvested for fuel. A large blob of Yareta growing on the rocks can thus be thousands of years old. Azorella from ” https: Yareta is an evergreen perennial with pink or lavender flowers. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


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Yareta, The 3,000 Years Old Plant

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Thank you for subscribing. Yareta is estimated to grow approximately 1. The Negro of Banyoles. These rocks on the highlands of the Andes looks like they are covered with moss. It grows in the cold Puna grasslands of the Andes in Peru, Bolivia, northern Chile, and western Argentina at altitudes between 3, and 4, meters, where the wind blows unceasingly and the cold cracks even granite.

Another trick the Yareta has learned to survive the inhospitable mountains of the Andes is to grow extremely azorslla, almost zaorella a geological pace of 1.

Azorella compacta

Views Read Edit View history. Retrieved 28 October May Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article needs additional citations for verification. This compcta difference is a result of the longwave radiation re-radiated by the soil surface which is usually dark gray to black in the Puna.