Caesalpinia sappan L. (Leguminosae) is found in India, Malaysia, southern China, and tropical Asia, and its heartwood Sappan lignum is used as a red dye. Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae). Common Names: Sappan Wood, Brazilwood Tree, Sappan. Chinese Name: 苏木. by; G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram. (0 ratings).

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There are book citations related to Caesalpinia sappan L. Methanol was used as the mobile phase. The main dye component in the heartwood of Caesalpinia sappan is brazilin, also present in brazilwood Caesalpinia echinata Lam.

Brazilin caused marginal weight loss in CIA-induced mice compared to normal animals, but this was not accompanied by any observable toxicity. The powder can be left sa;pan ferment to increase its dyeing power. Search in all groups Search within this group. Host range of meliolaceous fungi in India Desc: Checklists specific search options Observed during. The names assigned to the paper refers to different notions: Brazilin was kept in brown glass bottle and a vacuum container.

India Biodiversity Portal

Dictionary of Chinese drugs. Its use is caesalpina in the ” Jiangxi sheng dashi ” or ” Large annals of Jiangxi province ” dating from the early 16th century. Caesalpinia sappan is often planted as a living fence and ornamental. Brazilin purified from C.


All mice had free access to tap water and a laboratory diet [crude protein NLT There are citation in scholarly articles caedalpinia to Caesalpinia sappan L. The dye liquor may be used immediately or evaporated to be commercialised as a dry soluble extract which can be stored for future use.

Brazilin isolated from C. Or Suou Japanese.

Serum cytokine levels in the CIA-induced control group were significantly higher than those in the normal group on day The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative. Extract of the dried heartwood of Caesalpinia sappan L. The dried heartwood of C.

Biancaea sappan – Wikipedia

The wood of Caesalpinia sappan is the wood-dye that is known to have been used at a large, international scale throughout world history. Overview Overview Diagnostic Diagnostic Keys. Statistical analysis was performed with a 2-sample t-test comparing each sample group to the related normal group. Adjuvant arthritis in the rat.

Additionally, drug side-effects include increased risks of malignancy and gastrointestinal disturbances. Pharmacognostic and phytochemical properties of Aloe vera. Brazilin is a weakly coloured product, which easily oxidises to give the deep red pigment brazilein, natural red number 24 and dye number of the Colour Index. Sappanwood would then provide a renewable source of colorant, not only in the textile and basket-weaving crafts but also in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries.


Caesalpinia sappan L. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

Use of sappan wood in the Far East is probably ancient; archaeological remains silk textiles from the Loulan site attest its use in the 2nd century BC. Harvesting is done manually with a machete; prickles are easily removed by brushing with the blunt edge of the machete.

General description of the sites where the species is found caesalpjnia, forest, environment or microhabitat. Biancaea sappan Leaves and fruits Conservation status. Sp was lower in the normal group than in the groups in which CIA was induced.

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Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Records. Use for paper making: The extent of swelling was less in MTX than brazilin-treated mice on day The ethyl acetate extract of C. Silk, wool, cotton, matting and basket fibres can be dyed red with it and it is also used occasionally to colour food.