Centrosema macrocarpum. Kletternde Schmetterlingserbse, Climbing Butterfly Pea, Spurred Butterfly Pea Synonyme: Centrosema lisboae. Image of Centrosema macrocarpum. Centrosema lisboae Trusted C. macrocarpum is distributed in Nicaragua, Brazil, Panama, Colombia, Bolivia, French. Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. Search in The Plant List Search in IPNI Search in Australian Plant Name Index Search in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Search in.
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Pasturas Tropicales11 Warm season growth only. Adapted to low- to medium-fertility, well drained soils of various textures, particularly loams. Biology, Agronomyand Utilization.
Tropicos | Name – !Centrosema macrocarpum Benth.
Not seriously affected by the major Centrosema diseases, Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot and bacterial wilt. Experimental lines have spread to many tropical countries for testing, including in South-East Asia. Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf.
Soybean mosaic virus infection by aphids has been reported. The legume grows well on a range of soils, provided they are well drained, but preferably on medium-textured soils.
Pasturas Tropicales13 Further conditions which promote flowering are the removal of accumulated biomass and the provision of support for plants to climb up. The legume is usually grazed or is consumed as fresh material after mowing. Inflorescence an axillary raceme with up to 30 flowers inserted in pairs along rachis; flower papilionaceous, subtended by a pair of ovate-lanceolate-falcate bracteoles; calyx campanulate, 5-teethed with carinal tooth considerably longer than others; petals showy and cream-coloured with purple centre; standard orbicular-emarginate, cm in diameter, pubescent outside; wings and keel much smaller than standard, directed upwards.
Once established, it is very drought-tolerant and can remain green during dry seasons as long as months. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account. Retrieved from ” https: Its potential seems to be greater in cut-and-carry systems and for protein banks than as a component in a grass-legume pasture, where it is sensitive to grazing mismanagement.
Trellis-grown to facilitate hand harvest of seed.
Fact sheet – Centrosema macrocarpum
Despite the legume’s adaptation to moderately fertile to infertile soils, it responds well to maintenance fertilization with these nutrients. Click on images to enlarge Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf.
A robust perennial, taprooted vine, prostrate in absence of a support; trailing stems with variable tendency to root at nodes. Tolerates very acid conditions, with high soluble Al and Mn.
Depending on plant age and soil fertility, N concentration in leaves ranges from 3. Grasses suitable for association centroeema C.
Tripping of flowers by large insects required for pod set. Stylosanthes capitataS. In pasture systems it can be grazed in pure legume stands “protein bank” or in a mixture with grass. When used in grazed pastures, legume persistence will be enhanced if C. A twining perennial with dehiscent pods. There are several groups of distinct C.
Spread is localised by stolon development, extensive spread being limited by low amounts of seed produced centroesma grazing. The legume has specific Bradyrhizobium strain requirements.
Tripping of flowers, usually by large insects such as bumblebees, is required for seed-setting. The species is well represented in the collection held by CIAT Colombia where a large number of quite variable accessions are available. Pod linear, compressed, up to 30 cm long, 1 cm wide, straight to slightly bent and beaked, subglabrous, containing up to 25 seeds, dehiscent.
Ovate leaflets, immature pods and seeds. Centrksema breeding project aimed at introducing the acid-soil tolerance of C. Tap-rooted, trailing perennial herb with slender stems, rooting at the nodes in some genotypes.
Of these, the low-altitude ecotypes from northern South America Colombia, Venezuela are particularly promising as forage plants.
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