However, many hydrophytes have well developed root systems. For example, Eichhornia and Pistia have well developed adventitious roots. In these. A level OCR Biology on plant adaptations to water availability. Examines the adaptations made by hydrophytes and their importance.

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In submerged hydrophytes like Utricularia the leaves are finely dissected and in plants like Vallisneria the leaves are long and narrow. It is anaerobic and grows hydriphytes with H 2 as H-donor and sulphur as hydrogen acceptor. Recently Saha and Datta Munshiand Saha have described limnology of some thermal springs of Bihar.

– Adaptation of Hydrophytes | Hydrophytes

Their sulphide-binding proteins play an important role by drawing free hydophytes into general circulation. Wolffia ,Spirodelaor modified into rhizome e. Factors affecting plants in the aquatic environment. Many hydrophytes show heterophylly, i. Many xerophytic plants have small, needle shaped leaves which are often circular in cross section.

Revision:Xerophytes and Hydrophytes

They are present only on the upper surface of the leaves of rooted and floating hydrophytes. Roots are often also reduced and their main function is anchorage. Do you make New Year’s resolutions? Get Started Today’s posts Unanswered posts.


Physiological adaptations Adaptations in metabolic features. The organisms, especially hydophytes, which occur in deep-sea thermal vents, are extremophiles having highly specialized enzymes. However, some organisms survive as they live in burrows. In hydrophytes roots of the plants are not much important as the plants are partially or completely immersed in water.

Plant Water Balance : Hydrophytes adaptations.

Hydrophytes show the following adaptations in the anatomical features:. Feedback Privacy Policy Feedback. Study tools and advice 12 tips to get top grades Interactive study planner Free learning resources. To overcome the low oxygen capacity to its blood, ice fish has relatively large gills, vascular skin for respiration and large heart with exceptionally high cardiac output and very little red aerobic myotomal musculature to reduce oxygen demand.

In Sagittaria, the heterophylly seems to be due to the difference in the intensity of light in the submerged and aerial parts.

Some carbon dioxide evolved during respiration is stored in the air spaces and utilized during photosynthesis. This helps them to float in water.

The arctic and Antarctic regions, which contain polar ice, possess unique biota dominated by algae, bacteria, diatoms, and other organisms like protozoa, copepods, amphipods, nematodes, flatworms, and ice fish. Stems are spongy, flexible, slender and long in submerged hydrophytes like Ilydrilla.

Air sacs for flotation. In free floating plants like hydrophyte the petiole is swollen and helps in hydropuytes. Stomata are also found only on the upper surface of the leaf.


They are normally supported by water all around them and so have no need of mechanical strengthening. Higher thermal tolerance of bacteria, algae and some other organisms of hot springs may be attributed to their physiological hydrophyfes.

Adaptation of Hydrophytes

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Hydrophytes Plant adapted to live in extremely wet conditions. In most of the nydrophytes plant the roots, stems and leaves have air chambers and they have CO2 and O2 gases that help them in respirations and photosynthesis.

Oryza sativa, Marsilea, Sagittaria. Nympha ea and Nelumbium. Yes, and I try to keep them. Stem is spongy due to well developed aerenchyma.

In lotus, the long sdaptations seem to adapt themselves the depth of water, thus keeping the leaf lamina on the surface of water.